This is a gem of a puzzle from Gurmeet.net, one of my favourite collection of puzzles!
Alice has two standard dice with labels 1 thru 6. When she rolls them and adds their labels, she gets a distribution over integers in [2, 12]. Bob has nine cards, each labeled with some real number. When Bob chooses two cards (without replacement) and adds their labels, he gets exactly the same distribution over integers in [2, 12] as Alice gets by rolling her dice. What are the labels on Bob’s nine cards?
As always, please send your answers as comments within the blog (preferred), or send an e-mail to email@example.com. Please do share the puzzle with others if you like, and please also send puzzles that you have come across that you think I can share in this blog.
Happy dicey week to you all!