Yet another wonderful puzzle from the NSA collection. Please do have your children try this one!
RATS x 4 = STAR
Each instance of a letter stands for the same digit, no two letters represent the same digit, and R cannot be 0. Which digits do the four letters represent?
As always, please send your answers as comments within the blog (preferred), or send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please do share the puzzle with others if you like, and please also send puzzles that you have come across that you think I can share in this blog.
Happy fitting 4 rats into a star!
The answer is 2178.
We can see that S times 4 should be R, hence R is 1 or 2, or else it would end in a 5 digit number. Also R should be 2 as no multiple of 4 ends with 1. And we can say that S is either 3 or 8 because those have the 2 multiples that end in 2. 3×4=12 and 8×4=32.And as we have a number times 4 ending in 2, the only possible number is 8. So now we know the number is 2AT8, A has to be less than 5, so with a little bit of trial and error, we will get 2178.
Answer: RATS is 2178
RATS 8000 (Since ATS*4>2)
AT*4+3=TA and R=2, S=8
AT A is odd
A = 1